Manila — Thousands and thousands of voters headed to the polls within the Philippines Monday, propelling the namesake and son of former dictator Ferdinand Marcos to an early lead in his bid to. Amnesty Worldwide estimates that in the course of the elder Marcos’ two-decade reign — about half of which the nation spent beneath Marial Legislation — some 70,000 individuals have been jailed, 34,000 tortured, and greater than 3,000 killed.
“What the Marcoses have executed is mainly propagate another historical past of the Martial Legislation interval as a interval of peace, progress, and prosperity,” Sheila Coronel, a veteran Philippine journalist and professor on the Columbia Faculty of Journalism, instructed CBS Information.
The Marcos household additionally amassed an estimated $5 billion to $10 billion in ill-gotten wealth throughout that point.
“At the very least $3 billion-worth of belongings have been recovered, so it’s a sensible estimate,” Ruben Carranza, a former commissioner of the Presidential Fee on Good Governance, the company tasked with discovering and reclaiming the stolen billions, instructed CBS Information.
Regardless of that historical past, the dictator’s son, Ferdinand Marcos Jr., who goes by his childhood nickname of “Bongbong,” took a decisive early lead because the votes poured in Monday. The son largely evaded questions on his father’s infamy — and his personal attainable complicity in bilking the nation of its public wealth — all through the marketing campaign interval.
“I voted for Bongbong and his operating mate Sara Duterte,” one voter in Manila instructed CBS Information on Monday. “I feel we could have an excellent future beneath them. They’re very enlightened.”
The historic election was marred by violence and malfunctioning vote counting machines. A video unfold rapidly on social media exhibiting an unidentified group of males within the Southern Philippines destroying machines and tearing ballots. At the very least 4 individuals have been killed in gun-related incidents in the identical province.
Throughout the nation, round 1,800 poll machines have been reported as both having faulty reminiscence playing cards, not studying ballots, or not printing vote confirmations, based on the Fee on Elections. Voters have been left with two choices if the machine they have been utilizing failed: Both depart their ballots and belief that election officers would feed them right into a working machine later, or wait themselves for an additional probability to solid votes.
“We’ll watch for the machines to get repaired. We can’t entrust our votes to another person,” 21-year previous LIana Trajeco stated.
Present Vice President Leni Robredo, who’s operating towards Marcos Jr. for the nation’s highest workplace however was polling second forward of the vote, expressed concern over how the glitches might have an effect on the credibility of the elections.
“Tampering with the integrity of the elections might imply bother. If there are individuals planning to do that, I hope they do not undergo with it,” Robredo stated.
She urged her supporters to maintain a detailed watch on their votes. Robredo had gained appreciable floor within the polls since she first introduced her run in October, thanks largely to a military of volunteers who spent their very own money and time campaigning for her.
However regardless of the surge of assist, Robredo was undoubtedly combating an uphill battle as Filiponos headed to the polls on Monday.
However whereas Marcos Jr. appeared to have managed to whitewash his father’s legacy to reclaim his household’s identify, analysts say he is extra prone to construct on present President Rodrigo Duterte’s populist enchantment than fall again on his father’s strict authoritarian methods.
One factor analysts do broadly agree on, nonetheless, is that one other Marcos presidency might imply that no matter stays of the household’s ill-gotten wealth, will stay with the household.
“He is not going to instantly abolish the Presidential Fee on Good Authorities,” predicted Carranza, the previous PCGG commissioner. “He may even attempt to use it as a canopy for clawing again ill-gotten wealth already recovered by the federal government.”
In 1986, the Philippines ousted the primary Ferdinand Marcos after 21 years of authoritarian rule. His reign was dropped at an finish by a four-day peaceable mass-uprising. The world watched in amazement because the extremes of the dictator and his household’s opulent life-style have been revealed.
“Within the Nineteen Eighties, as youngsters have been dying of starvation, Marcos decides to offer 4 buildings to his spouse Imelda in New York,” stated Carranza, of the Presidential Fee on Good Governance.
The economic system went into recession throughout Marcos’ last years. Overseas debt ballooned to greater than $26 billion from lower than $1 billion in 1965 when he first took workplace.
For years, the Marcos household’s huge theft was thought of established reality. However Bongbong managed to persuade an enormous proportion of his nation both that he was no a part of his father’s misdeeds, or that they by no means occurred.
Analysts say Sara Duterte, the daughter ofand the mayor of Davao Metropolis, helped shore up assist for Marcos Jr. by becoming a member of him on the ticket as his choose for vp.
Marcos Jr.’s critics sought to spotlight his lack of any political track-record or detailed platform forward of the vote, however he appeared to trip a wave of nostalgia that has swept throughout the Philippine citizens. A disillusioned phase of society appears to be like again on the Marcos years as a golden period for the nation.
“My mom would at all times be conscious of the time, as a result of there was a curfew,” Geraldine Co, who was born in the course of the Martial Legislation years, instructed CBS Information. “I keep in mind how disciplined individuals have been.”